Hearth Tax for the Longtree Hundred

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Hearth Tax Surnames      A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W YZ

Surviving Hearth Tax Records at Kew Record Office

The Hearth Tax consisted of a half-yearly payment of one shilling for each hearth in the occupation of each person whose house was worth more than 20/- a year, and who was a local ratepayer of church and poor rates. The assessments for 1662-66 and 1669-1674 were delivered to the Exchequer.

The most complete hearth tax records are those for 25 March 1664 - except in Longtree's case, where only minute fragments survive.

After looking at E 179 182/344, which is half yearly returns 1710 to 1719 but only contained totals, and some certificates of Exemption, and did not name any Tetbury people, I hit pay-dirt with the code E 179 247/13 and /14.
These consist of long strips of parchment, naming the taxpayers and listing the number of hearths each had. Number 14 has the date 1671 on the package.
So I set out transcribing Tetbury in both, and then checking the second against the first where names were difficult to decipher. The two lists have differences. Number 13 has 116 tax payers and names 101 with exemptions, and 9 legible in Charlton. Number 14 has 120 and 11 in Charlton, with 62 poor.

Finally, I decided to copy the whole Hundred, to get a feel for the area around Tetbury. Tetbury and Horsley appear to have the most complete set, other parishes have suffered more losses.

Longtree HundredE 178 247/14 date 1671E 178 247/13 date 1672
AveningI have 108 hearths and 44 names.
They have 134 hearths.
I have 53 names having tax exemptions.
137 hearths in 55 houses.
24 legible out of 52 names,
54 hearths exempt
CharltonIn with Tetbury, 1671 has 11 houses, 6 with Discharge Certificates
Cherington14 houses with 31 hearths, 48 exempt houses14 have 31 hearths, 27 are poor
Culkerton25 hearths in 8 houses in both recordsIn 1672 there are also 9 listed as exempt. In all there are 25 entries for 22 individuals, and 17 houses are listed.
Horsley53 houses had 136 hearths, Exempt list has 55 houses, they had 132 hearths, few missing 80 names 202 hearths, total 230, missing a dozen homes with 28 hearths, have 105 houses with exemptions, they had 132 hearths, some missing
Minchin Hampton have 271 hearths in 111 houses, 349 hearths on the list, 77 lost, Exempt lists has 64 names survived They say 329 hearths, I found 287 hearths with 115 names Exempt list has 116 names - I lost one
RodboroughFor 1662 22 legible names on page, for 1671 should be 246 hearths, have 181 with 70 names 21 names, 49 hearths, over 30 lost, they had 104 hearths. Have list of 20 exempt, out of 35 names for 37 hearths.
Rodmartin1671 - 5 names have 29 hearths  
Shipton Moyne97 hearths in 29 houses, and 7 exemption certificatesRecords did not survive
Tetbury A-G,
Tetbury H-P,
Tetbury R-Z,
4 names in 1662, 1664 has 40 listed plus 37 not chargeable, 1671 has 129 to pay and 59 discharged by certificate1672 has 120 on Overseers Exemption list, 127 Discharged by Certificate, 114 taxable.
Weston Birt13 houses with 60 hearths 
Woodchester114 hearths in 32 houses, 35 houses exempt 114 hearths in 32 houses, 34 names with exemption certificates survived
Upton, Dufton and ElmtreeIn the Tetbury records. 1671 Dufton had 3 with Discharge CertificatesIn Tetbury list

There are a total of 628 entries for Tetbury, Avening has 182, Cherington 89, Horsley 188, Minchinhampton 407, Rodborow 205, Shipton 54, Weston Birt 14, and Woodchester 134.

I looked at E 179 and found Gloucestershire was number 116. I chose item 551, which turned out to be fragments I could not make sense of, and 534, which gave a list of the Tax Collectors for each Parish, and the assessment. Dates escaped me.

Feeling rather 'in the dark', I then tried E 179 116/546, and found a year noted, 1676-7. This time Tetbury's tax collectors are Roger Townsend and Robert Marchant, with a target of 7-19-06, and Upton has Isaac Browning and Nicholas Jones collecting 5-15-00. These appear to be quarterly payments

Avening
53419-11-06 Samuel Wicketts, Samuel Else, William Hinton
5464-19-04 Samuel Hillard, Thomas ffrancis
Charlton
534 4-06-06 Joseph Browning, Stephen Thomas
5461-04-04Roger Hillier
Cherington
534 not on list
546 2-01-01 George Driver, Thomas Pope
Horsley
534 34-04-06 Thomas Webb, Thomas Mills, John Clark, Henry Mayo
5465-04-00 Robert Silvester, William Wilkins
Minchin Hampton
53451-00-00 Thomas Pinfold, Henry Eshart, Thomas Curtis
5464-00-00Thomas Holliday, Nathaniel Heirne?
Rodborough
53422-09-03 Edward Stringer, Richard Butt, Phillip Wathey
5464-00-04 Richard Barnor, John Turner, Stephen Jefferies
Rodmartin
5349-03-06 Walter Winscrombe, John Raylor, Edward Marnard
5463-00-04 William James junior, William Boxe
Shipton Moyne
53420-01-06 John Beavon, Jeremy Ludlow, Joseph Hirt
5465-10-08 John Hodyroyd, Christopher Clark
Tetbury
53444-09-06 John Savage, John Undrill, Matthew Beale
5465-06-04 Roger Townsend, Robert Merchant
Weston Birt
53415-05-06William Bennett, Alexander Drinkworth
5462-03-08 William Hillier, Robert Corse
Woodchester
53413-04-00 Nathaniel Bambridge, Thomas Webb, Gyles Nicholas
5463-08-03Thomas Welland, John Boxe
Upton with Dufton
and Elmtree
53419-05-00John Browning, John Wale, John Veysey
5463-06-06Isaac Browning, Nicholas Jones

The biggest surprise came when I looked at the locations of the bigger houses. Defining this as 7 or more hearths gave a list of around 16 surnames in the rest of the Hundred, and about 14 in Tetbury.

1664         Tetbury          Castle 27 hearths
1671 and 1672        Tetbury Christopher Harris 10 hearths
1671 and 1672        Tetbury Mr Gastrell 9 hearths
1662 and 1671         Tetbury William Savage 8 hearths
1671 and 1672        Tetbury Henry Chapman 8 hearths
1662         Tetbury Elizabeth Shephard 7 hearths
1671         Tetbury Alouin Adams 7 hearths
1671         Tetbury John Holland 7 hearths
1671         Tetbury Mr Studman 7 hearths
1671         Tetbury Richard Talboys 7 hearths
1671 and 1672        Tetbury Widow Alexander 7 hearths
1672         Tetbury John Holland 7 hearths
1672         Tetbury Mr Elton 7 hearths
1672         Tetbury Thomas Talboys 7 hearths

1671 Weston Mrs Estcourt 23 hearths
1671 and 1672 Shipton Thomas Estcourt 13 hearths
1671 Weston Richard Holford 13 hearths
1671 Hampton Samuel Shepherd 12 hearths
1671 Shipton Thomas Hodges 12 hearths
1671 and 1672 Woodchester Mrs Bridges 12 hearths
1671 and 1672 Hampton Mr Amond or Wanter 11 hearths
1671 and 1672 Culkerton Edward Barnard 10 hearths
1671 and 1672 Rodborow John Walkly 10 hearths
1672 Rodmartin John Kilmaster 10 hearths
1671 Hampton Robert Bailey 7 hearths
1671 and 1672 Hampton Mr Buck 7 hearths
1672 Rodborow Parish Mr Estcourt 7 hearths
1672 Rodborow Parish Widow Holiday 7 hearths
1671 Woodchester William Ducie 7 hearths
1671 and 1672 Woodchester Nathaniel Kinge 7 hearths
1672 Woodchester William Morgan 7 hearths

Conclusion

These lists are of individual houses and name the occupant.
Later lists for Tetbury show ownership of the houses, and are aiming at collecting funds for the use by the Overseers in caring for the poor, sick and orphaned.
In neither case are all the residents listed.
Equally, the Religious Census of 1735 appears to stop when Miles Gastrell had proved Tetbury was a bigger parish than that of his friend. (The details of this note escape me now.)

Avening, Cherington, Culkerton, Horsley, Minchin Hampton, Rodborough, Rodmartin,
Shipton Moyne, Tetbury A-G, Tetbury H-P, Tetbury R-Z, Weston Birt, and Woodchester


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